Family Law

LAW

Personal Status Law

REFERENCE Legislative Decree 59/1953
DATE OF PROMULGATION Promulgated by President Adib Shishakli on September 17, 1953
RELEVANT PROVISIONS
  • This law is divided into six books regulating:
    1. Marriage
    2. Dissolution of the Marriage
    3. Childbirth and its Consequences
    4. Guardianship
    5. Wills
    6. Inheritance
RELATED LEGISLATION
  • Repeals the Ottoman Law of Family Rights.
  • Legislative Decree 59/1953 was amended by Law 34/1975 and Legislative Decree 76/2010, which deals with inheritance matters.
  • The Personal Status Law is also complemented by the Civil Code and the Civil Procedure Code.
HISTORICAL CONTEXT
  • The Personal Status Law was promulgated right after Adib Shishakli formally assumed the presidency and within months before his government collapsed amid national unrest.

LAW

Civil Code

REFERENCE Legislative Decree 84/1949
DATE OF PROMULGATION Promulgated by President Husni Zaim on May 18, 1949
RELEVANT PROVISIONS
  • The Civil Code steps in to address marriages between spouses of different nationality.
  • Inheritance is based on the Hanafi school of thought.
RELATED LEGISLATION
  • The Civil Code is also complemented by the Personal Status Law and the Civil Procedure Code in this respect.
HISTORICAL CONTEXT
  • During the short-lived 138-day rule of President Husni Zaim, essential pieces of legislation such as the Civil Code were produced and are still relevant to the present day.

LAW

Civil Procedure Code

REFERENCE Legislative Decree 84/1953
DATE OF PROMULGATION Promulgated by President Adib Shishakli on September 28, 1953
RELEVANT PROVISIONS
  • According to the Civil Procedure Code, the Syrian courts will have jurisdiction even if the defendant is not domiciled or resident in Syria under certain conditions.
  • Procedural matters relating to inheritance are also addressed in the Civil Procedure Code.
RELATED LEGISLATION
  • The Civil Procedure Code is also complemented by the Personal Status Law and the Civil Code in this respect.
HISTORICAL CONTEXT
  • The Civil Procedure Code was promulgated right after Adib Shishakli formally assumed the presidency and within months before his government collapsed amid national unrest.